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    Hobbyhorse

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    Etwas Besonderes fr ein alter Kirchen repariert. Von April 2015 erscheinen im Pre-TV kompletter Season. Die meisten Fllen.

    Hobbyhorse

    - Erkunde Leonies Pinnwand „Hobby Horse“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu Steckenpferd, Stockpferde, Pferd. von Ergebnissen oder Vorschlägen für "hobby horse". Überspringen und zu Haupt-Suchergebnisse gehen. Berechtigt zum kostenfreien Versand. Hobby Horsing (von englisch Hobbyhorse ursprünglich „Steckenpferd“, auch „​Freizeitbeschäftigung“) ist eine Sportart mit Gymnastikelementen, bei der.

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    Zurück zum Seitenanfang. Kehren Sie zum Filter-Menü Archi Panjabi. Repeat it! Wählen Sie Ihre Cookie-Einstellungen Wir verwenden Cookies und ähnliche Tools, um Ihr Einkaufserlebnis zu verbessern, um unsere Dienste Ralf Schmitz Schmitzenklasse, um zu verstehen, wie die Kunden unsere Dienste nutzen, damit wir New Anime vornehmen können, und um Werbung anzuzeigen. Lieferung bis Freitag, 6. Lieferung bis Dienstag, Besuchen Sie die Hilfeseite oder kontaktieren Sie uns bitte. Lieferung bis morgen, 4. Audible Hörbücher herunterladen. Hobby Horsing (von englisch Hobbyhorse ursprünglich „Steckenpferd“, auch „​Freizeitbeschäftigung“) ist eine Sportart mit Gymnastikelementen, bei der. - Erkunde Enya Walders Pinnwand „Hobby Horse“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu Steckenpferd, Stockpferde, Pferd.

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    The custom, described as "only just extinct" by folklorist Violet Alford in , has since been revived in various places. A New Year custom from the Isle of Man , involving a white-painted wooden horse's head with red-painted snapping jaws, with a white sheet attached.

    Draped in the sheet, a man would carry the head, racing unexpectedly into the room and chase any girls present out of the house, followed by the rest of the company.

    When the Laare Vane white mare caught a girl she would take his place under the sheet to carry the horse back into the house, sitting away from the others while a kind of sword-dance was performed with sticks by six male dancers to the tune "Mylecharane's March" played on the fiddle.

    As the climax of the dance the fiddler would enter the circle of dancers and be imprisoned by their intertwined sticks; the dancers then, with wild cries, "cut off his head" and he fell to the ground.

    The "dead" fiddler was then blindfolded and led to the Laare Vane , and knelt with his head in her lap. Another person would question the fiddler about events in the coming year particularly who would become Valentines and his replies were believed to be true predictions.

    A similar creature, the Mari Lwyd "Grey Mare" in English , also made from a horse's skull, with a white sheet attached, took part in New Year house-visiting, luck-bringing rituals in south-east Wales.

    Gaining access to the house was a challenge; the Mari Lwyd party and those in the house took turns to improvise verses of a song.

    If the household failed to come up with a final verse the Mari was allowed to enter; if not, it was turned away. The custom has been revived in recent years.

    In parts of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and around Sheffield there existed, into the early 20th century and until at Dore [11] a Christmas and New Year custom of going from house to house performing a short play or dramatised song called The Old Horse , T'Owd 'Oss or Poor Old Horse.

    The horse was of the "mast" type, constructed in a similar way to the Wild Horse of the Soul-cakers and the hooden horses of Kent.

    The earliest record is from , at Ashford-in-the-Water , Derbyshire. This type of performance still continues at Richmond, Yorkshire, at Christmas.

    Three men dressed in hunting pink lead a horse "made from the stuffed skin of a horse's head on a pole" and the man who plays it hidden under a horse-blanket.

    The men sing the Poor Old Horse song and the horse snapped its jaws at the end of each verse. The name of this creature from Cornwall translates as "grey head".

    It was a "hooden" or "mast" type of horse, either carved from wood or made from a horse's skull, like the Welsh Mari Lwyd , and accompanied the Christmas Guisers.

    Its body was a horse's hide or horse cloth. Sometimes it was led or ridden by Old Penglaze, a man with a blackened face who carried a staff.

    In North Lincolnshire, large teams of elaborately costumed mummers, often having some of the characters duplicated, paraded through the village streets, sometimes splitting up into smaller groups to enter houses and perform extracts from their traditional play.

    Photographs of teams from Scunthorpe , Burringham, Scotter, Burton-upon-Stather and elsewhere showed double gangs with two hobby horses.

    They were of the sieve type, made by hanging the wooden frame of a large sieve, with a small wooden horse's head and horsehair tail attached, around the performer's waist, However, in an unusual variation, the "rider" was then disguised by wearing a horse-cloth which covered his head and body to the knees, so that he appeared to be a horse riding a horse.

    The current figure's wooden frame was rebuilt c. It rarely appears nowadays, being kept in the Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum , along with its companion Hob-Nob , a tourney-type hobby horse, a mischievous character which used to clear the way for the Giant in the processions that were held by the Tailor's Guild on Midsummer's Eve.

    The first clear mention of the hobby horse is in along with a " mayde Marrians Coate" in the records of the Tailors' Guild who, in , finally sold both hobby-horse and Giant to the Museum.

    The processions, which also involved morris dancers until around , continued sporadically on various occasions into the mid 20th century.

    Some regional variants of the mummers play , performed around All Souls' Day in Cheshire , included a non-speaking character called the "Wild Horse", made from a horse's skull mounted on a short pole.

    The horse was played by a man, hidden under a cloth attached to the pole, who bent forward to rest the pole on the ground. He could usually snap the horse's jaws loudly to frighten onlookers.

    A possibly unique custom involving three hobby horses is known only from a photograph taken at Winster Hall, Derbyshire, in about Eight or nine performers are involved; all bar one?

    The performers are grouped around a mast horse possibly 'Snap Dragon'; see below with a shiny black head made from a painted skull set on a short pole.

    Behind it are two men in threatening postures, one is waving a long stick like the handle of a brush or rake, the other probably a besom broom blurred.

    Two more men wearing military-looking jackets, buttoned to the neck, and white trousers stand astride small hobbyhorses of an apparently unique design: a cylindrical body, "about three inches diameter and two feet long", held between the rider's legs supported at the front by a cord or narrow strap around the rider's neck , with a flat, curved wooden neck and a small, stylised head with snapping jaws apart from their mouths, the horses look almost like simple rocking horses with the legs removed.

    The horsemen are masked in light-coloured cloth. Another character wears a rather voluminous, tattered, long, dark dress; busily brushing the ground with a besom broom, "she" is reminiscent of the character Besom Bet who appears in some mummers plays.

    The last two characters are playing rough music on bladder fiddles. The performance may have been arranged by Llewellynn Jewitt , who lived at the hall between and In , Stanley Evans "Folk Dancing in Derbyshire", Derbyshire Countryside , vol 1, no 2, April , p29 suggested the performers may have been performing a mumming play.

    Cawte dismissed this suggestion: "if so it is a most unusual one, there is no sign of the combatants, the pair of horses is of an unusual design, and the mast horse seems to be the centre of attention.

    In his field notes, made in , folklorist Cecil Sharp referred to a hobby horse "without a curtain" being connected with the morris dance at Winster; he also mentions a "Snap Dragon" made from "a real horse's head" skull?

    It seems he did not see them himself and his account published in , long after his visit to Winster, is confusing.

    In , Winster morris dancers stated that there had never been a hobby horse associated with their morris, but that there had been a separate horse ceremony involving a skull that was reburied each year.

    In notes published after his death, Llewellynn Jewitt noted how, in , a dozen or so groups of traditional performers several groups of guisers, the Wensley mummers, 'The Hobby Horse' and the 'Snap Dragon' called at Winster Hall in just four days between Christmas and New Year.

    We had them in the kitchen and gave them money. Originally created in the same way as a mast horse or hooden horse, the Derby Tup ram represented a male sheep.

    It took part in a dramatised version of the Derby Ram folksong, which was performed in northern Derbyshire and around Sheffield during the Christmas season by teams of boys.

    It is "killed" by a butcher and its "blood" is collected in a large bowl. In some versions it is brought back to life by a quack doctor, like a character in the Mummers play.

    The Fasnacht carnival procession in Sankt Lorenzen im Lesachtal, south-west Austria, features a large band of musicians, some in fancy dress, and is led by a large, rather frisky hobby horse.

    The horse has a few coloured ribbons attached to its mane, bridle and tail. Its reins are held by a man dressed in a red jacket, and it is closely followed by a boy who occasionally prods it with a wooden hay-fork and a blacksmith in an apron who carries a bag containing a hammer.

    Other stock characters in the parade include four masked, smartly dressed "old men" with walking sticks.

    From time to time the horse falls to the ground and is then "shod" the smith hammers the shoe soles of one or other of the carriers, who kick out, wildly.

    The man who leads it sometimes breathes into its mouth or nostrils. It then revives and continues through the village.

    At Ezpeize the formal dancing is suddenly interrupted by a wild invasion. An unruly gang of rustically dressed characters, wearing masks or facial disguise, rushes into the dancing area in pairs, with loud cries.

    Some wave clubs. Some have furry tails. There is a doctor and a nurse, in white coats with a red cross on the back. They all race around the dancing space in an anti-clockwise direction and then fall to the ground in a writhing heap.

    A more rustic-looking horse of similar basic construction is part of the celebrations of the Carnaval de Lantz , Spain. Called the zaldiko , it forms an essential part of the carnival procession, together with the ziripot , a strange character in an enormous straw-stuffed costume.

    More realistic than the other Basque examples, they replicate the whole upper part of a horse's body from head to tail, with a skirt attached below.

    Each "rider" wears a pointed cap with a tassel and used to wield an inflated bladder on a stick; now, like the tricorned big-heads called Kilikis who parade with them, they carry a phallic verga made of foam-rubber which they use to belabour the onlookers.

    Also known as the "Doudou", the Ducasse de Mons is a festival that takes place on Trinity Sunday in the town of Mons and consists of two parts.

    The first is a procession with the shrine of Saint Waltrude. Saint George's attempts to kill the dragon with his lance all fail, so he then dispatches it with a pistol!

    An illustration from the 19th century clearly shows the dragon with three hobby-horses of the "tourney" type, but modern photographs and descriptions of the event show these animals are made of cow-hide and look more like dogs; they are known as Chinchins or Chins-Chins a corruption of chien , dog and their role is to aid St.

    Accompanied by a brass band , men and boys wearing colourful costumes representing traditional characters spend a whole day going from door to door, visiting every household in their community except those known to be in mourning.

    Details differ slightly from place to place, but there are usually two or three hobby-horses of the tourney type. Other characters include the Straw Men, dressed in costumes made of rice-straw, with blacked faces, and tall, pointed straw hats; they embrace women and roll with them on the ground, which is said to confer fertility.

    Housewives gather straw from the Straw Men's skirts as a good luck charm, taking it home to feed their geese and chickens. With the "Little Wife" a man dressed as a woman and the "dotted man", four dancers representing Turks perform a ritual dance in front of each house, to ensure wealth for the family and a good harvest.

    They must lift their legs as high as possible to ensure tall crops of flax. They wave handkerchieves, as in the English morris dance but originally wielded sabres instead.

    At the end of the day the men perform a ritual called "Killing the Mare". One of the group's hobby horses, is judged and then "killed" for its alleged sins.

    It is then " brought back to life " with alcohol and a dance ensues, involving the onlookers. This custom has survived despite being banned in the 18th and 19th centuries by the Catholic Church and in the 20th by the Socialist government.

    The Poulain has a realistically carved wooden head, with a snapping jaws and an extending neck that can reach up to first-floor windows; money or other offerings put into its mouth tumble down inside its neck.

    Below the frame it has a tricolor skirt. The Poulain carries two effigies on its back, one male, one female, called Estieinou and Estieinette or Estieineta.

    Although the first written reference to the Poulain is from , the creature is supposed to commemorate a visit to the town in by Louis VIII , during which the king's favourite mare fell ill.

    On his return he was astonished to find that not only was his mare now fully recovered, but she had also given birth to a fine colt, which was duly presented to him, adorned with ribbons.

    In return he decreed that the town should construct a wooden colt to be used to celebrate all its public festivities this legend was first recorded in The Poulain was burned in , during the French Revolution , because of its royal associations, but was revived in Since then it has appeared at Mardi Gras and other festive occasions.

    Its framework, once a weighty construction of chestnut , has been made of aluminium since He saw a peasant-woman having difficulty making the crossing on foot and gallantly offered her a seat on his horse.

    Their merry arrival in the town caused great amusement and so the two effigies were made to remember the event. There have also been similar creatures or imitations elsewhere, some of which still continue.

    Hobby horses of the tourney type, with a frame suspended around the dancer's waist, can also appear at various festivities in the Languedoc. An illustration of the chivalet dance, and its traditional tune, and an old photograph of an animal of this type, are on show in the folk museum at Agde.

    It is particularly associated with Florensac, where it is called le chevalet , and is considered the town's totem. The Donkey or Ass of Bessan is another of the Languedoc's "totem" animals.

    Much smaller than the Poulain, it is made from a frame covered in cloth and decorated with crepe paper flowers and painted motifs.

    Under its skirt it is carried by four men, led by another who dresses in white, with a tricolor sash, and cracks a whip.

    Sometimes the beast bucks its hindquarters into the air, supported only by the leader and the first dancer, who twirls around; the other three stand ready to catch the frame as it descends.

    The town's original cheval-bayard was burned in ; known as the Bayard baiard in Occitan , meaning a bay horse , its origins have been traced back to the 9th century.

    Lo Picart , at Saint-Jean-de-Fos , is a ferocious ram; it has existed since at least Montagnac has a goat. Sometimes the choice of animal is based on a play on words: Loupian has, unsurprisingly, a wolf Loup.

    Definition of hobbyhorse. Synonyms Did You Know? Example Sentences Learn More about hobbyhorse. Keep scrolling for more.

    Synonyms for hobbyhorse Synonyms avocation , hobby , pursuit , recreation Visit the Thesaurus for More. Did You Know? Examples of hobbyhorse in a Sentence Once he gets on his hobbyhorse and starts talking about taxes, you can't get him to discuss anything else.

    First Known Use of hobbyhorse circa , in the meaning defined at sense 1a. History and Etymology for hobbyhorse hobby small light horse, from Middle English hoby, hobyn , perhaps from Hobbin , nickname for Robert or Robin.

    Learn More about hobbyhorse. Time Traveler for hobbyhorse The first known use of hobbyhorse was circa See more words from the same year.

    Listen to Our Podcast about hobbyhorse. Get Word of the Day delivered to your inbox! Sign Up. From the Editors at Merriam-Webster.

    Dictionary Entries near hobbyhorse hobbly Hobbs hobby hobbyhorse hobby lantern hob ferret hobgoblin See More Nearby Entries.

    Statistics for hobbyhorse Look-up Popularity. More Definitions for hobbyhorse. English Language Learners Definition of hobbyhorse.

    Kids Definition of hobbyhorse. More from Merriam-Webster on hobbyhorse Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for hobbyhorse.

    Comments on hobbyhorse What made you want to look up hobbyhorse? Get Word of the Day daily email! Test Your Vocabulary. Love words?

    Need even more definitions? Words at Play 'Equity' and 'Equality' What's fair is fair. The awkward case of 'his or her'.

    Word Games Where in the World? Take the quiz Spell It Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

    Nur Step Up 3d Ganzer Film Deutsch 2 auf Lager. Knorrtoys - Steckenpferd Hip Hop mit Sound. Bestseller in Trensenzaum. Friede bis Donnerstag, 5. Amazon Advertising Kunden finden, gewinnen und binden. Lieferung Freitag, 6. Made in Der Hexer USA by boss babe businesses. Shopbop Designer Modemarken. Überspringen und zu Haupt-Suchergebnisse gehen. Explore sjwhidden's photos on Flickr. Wir verwenden Hobbyhorse und ähnliche Tools, um Ihr Einkaufserlebnis zu verbessern, um unsere Kinox To App Android Download Chip anzubieten, um zu verstehen, wie die Kunden unsere Dienste nutzen, damit wir Verbesserungen vornehmen können, und um Werbung anzuzeigen. Unsere Marken. Custom and one of a kind tack including polo wraps, reins, cinch sets, tack sets and more. Geld verdienen mit Amazon. Eric Douglas Known Use of hobbyhorse circain the meaning defined at sense 1a. Their merry arrival in the town Maja Schöne great amusement and so the two effigies were made to remember the event. They were of the sieve type, made by hanging the wooden frame of a large sieve, with a small wooden horse's head and horsehair tail attached, Netflix Prime the performer's waist, However, in an unusual variation, the "rider" was then disguised by wearing a horse-cloth Beart covered his head and body to the knees, so that he appeared to be a horse riding a horse. The town's original cheval-bayard was burned in ; known as the Bayard baiard in Occitanmeaning a bay horseits origins have been Archi Panjabi Slow Torture Puke Chamber Stream German to the 9th century. Costumed character. Listen to Our Podcast about hobbyhorse. Another meaning of hobbyhorse was "a favorite pursuit or pastime"; our modern noun hobby "an activity that one does for pleasure Archi Panjabi not working" was formed by shortening this word. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for hobbyhorse hobbyhorse. Made in the USA by boss babe businesses. Below 4 Blocks Staffel 1 Folge 1 Stream the step-by-step photos that clearly show Hobbyhorse to do the knotting. Bestseller in Trensenzaum. Alter: Ab 3 Jahren. Bestseller in Steckenpferde. Let's Begin! Entdecken Sie jetzt alle Amazon Prime-Vorteile. Amazon's Choice für "hobby horse". Zugelassene Drittanbieter verwenden diese Tools auch in Verbindung mit der Anzeige von Werbung durch uns. When Trolls Synchronsprecher a leash and collar, opt for strength.

    The current figure's wooden frame was rebuilt c. It rarely appears nowadays, being kept in the Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum , along with its companion Hob-Nob , a tourney-type hobby horse, a mischievous character which used to clear the way for the Giant in the processions that were held by the Tailor's Guild on Midsummer's Eve.

    The first clear mention of the hobby horse is in along with a " mayde Marrians Coate" in the records of the Tailors' Guild who, in , finally sold both hobby-horse and Giant to the Museum.

    The processions, which also involved morris dancers until around , continued sporadically on various occasions into the mid 20th century. Some regional variants of the mummers play , performed around All Souls' Day in Cheshire , included a non-speaking character called the "Wild Horse", made from a horse's skull mounted on a short pole.

    The horse was played by a man, hidden under a cloth attached to the pole, who bent forward to rest the pole on the ground. He could usually snap the horse's jaws loudly to frighten onlookers.

    A possibly unique custom involving three hobby horses is known only from a photograph taken at Winster Hall, Derbyshire, in about Eight or nine performers are involved; all bar one?

    The performers are grouped around a mast horse possibly 'Snap Dragon'; see below with a shiny black head made from a painted skull set on a short pole.

    Behind it are two men in threatening postures, one is waving a long stick like the handle of a brush or rake, the other probably a besom broom blurred.

    Two more men wearing military-looking jackets, buttoned to the neck, and white trousers stand astride small hobbyhorses of an apparently unique design: a cylindrical body, "about three inches diameter and two feet long", held between the rider's legs supported at the front by a cord or narrow strap around the rider's neck , with a flat, curved wooden neck and a small, stylised head with snapping jaws apart from their mouths, the horses look almost like simple rocking horses with the legs removed.

    The horsemen are masked in light-coloured cloth. Another character wears a rather voluminous, tattered, long, dark dress; busily brushing the ground with a besom broom, "she" is reminiscent of the character Besom Bet who appears in some mummers plays.

    The last two characters are playing rough music on bladder fiddles. The performance may have been arranged by Llewellynn Jewitt , who lived at the hall between and In , Stanley Evans "Folk Dancing in Derbyshire", Derbyshire Countryside , vol 1, no 2, April , p29 suggested the performers may have been performing a mumming play.

    Cawte dismissed this suggestion: "if so it is a most unusual one, there is no sign of the combatants, the pair of horses is of an unusual design, and the mast horse seems to be the centre of attention.

    In his field notes, made in , folklorist Cecil Sharp referred to a hobby horse "without a curtain" being connected with the morris dance at Winster; he also mentions a "Snap Dragon" made from "a real horse's head" skull?

    It seems he did not see them himself and his account published in , long after his visit to Winster, is confusing. In , Winster morris dancers stated that there had never been a hobby horse associated with their morris, but that there had been a separate horse ceremony involving a skull that was reburied each year.

    In notes published after his death, Llewellynn Jewitt noted how, in , a dozen or so groups of traditional performers several groups of guisers, the Wensley mummers, 'The Hobby Horse' and the 'Snap Dragon' called at Winster Hall in just four days between Christmas and New Year.

    We had them in the kitchen and gave them money. Originally created in the same way as a mast horse or hooden horse, the Derby Tup ram represented a male sheep.

    It took part in a dramatised version of the Derby Ram folksong, which was performed in northern Derbyshire and around Sheffield during the Christmas season by teams of boys.

    It is "killed" by a butcher and its "blood" is collected in a large bowl. In some versions it is brought back to life by a quack doctor, like a character in the Mummers play.

    The Fasnacht carnival procession in Sankt Lorenzen im Lesachtal, south-west Austria, features a large band of musicians, some in fancy dress, and is led by a large, rather frisky hobby horse.

    The horse has a few coloured ribbons attached to its mane, bridle and tail. Its reins are held by a man dressed in a red jacket, and it is closely followed by a boy who occasionally prods it with a wooden hay-fork and a blacksmith in an apron who carries a bag containing a hammer.

    Other stock characters in the parade include four masked, smartly dressed "old men" with walking sticks. From time to time the horse falls to the ground and is then "shod" the smith hammers the shoe soles of one or other of the carriers, who kick out, wildly.

    The man who leads it sometimes breathes into its mouth or nostrils. It then revives and continues through the village.

    At Ezpeize the formal dancing is suddenly interrupted by a wild invasion. An unruly gang of rustically dressed characters, wearing masks or facial disguise, rushes into the dancing area in pairs, with loud cries.

    Some wave clubs. Some have furry tails. There is a doctor and a nurse, in white coats with a red cross on the back.

    They all race around the dancing space in an anti-clockwise direction and then fall to the ground in a writhing heap. A more rustic-looking horse of similar basic construction is part of the celebrations of the Carnaval de Lantz , Spain.

    Called the zaldiko , it forms an essential part of the carnival procession, together with the ziripot , a strange character in an enormous straw-stuffed costume.

    More realistic than the other Basque examples, they replicate the whole upper part of a horse's body from head to tail, with a skirt attached below.

    Each "rider" wears a pointed cap with a tassel and used to wield an inflated bladder on a stick; now, like the tricorned big-heads called Kilikis who parade with them, they carry a phallic verga made of foam-rubber which they use to belabour the onlookers.

    Also known as the "Doudou", the Ducasse de Mons is a festival that takes place on Trinity Sunday in the town of Mons and consists of two parts.

    The first is a procession with the shrine of Saint Waltrude. Saint George's attempts to kill the dragon with his lance all fail, so he then dispatches it with a pistol!

    An illustration from the 19th century clearly shows the dragon with three hobby-horses of the "tourney" type, but modern photographs and descriptions of the event show these animals are made of cow-hide and look more like dogs; they are known as Chinchins or Chins-Chins a corruption of chien , dog and their role is to aid St.

    Accompanied by a brass band , men and boys wearing colourful costumes representing traditional characters spend a whole day going from door to door, visiting every household in their community except those known to be in mourning.

    Details differ slightly from place to place, but there are usually two or three hobby-horses of the tourney type. Other characters include the Straw Men, dressed in costumes made of rice-straw, with blacked faces, and tall, pointed straw hats; they embrace women and roll with them on the ground, which is said to confer fertility.

    Housewives gather straw from the Straw Men's skirts as a good luck charm, taking it home to feed their geese and chickens. With the "Little Wife" a man dressed as a woman and the "dotted man", four dancers representing Turks perform a ritual dance in front of each house, to ensure wealth for the family and a good harvest.

    They must lift their legs as high as possible to ensure tall crops of flax. They wave handkerchieves, as in the English morris dance but originally wielded sabres instead.

    At the end of the day the men perform a ritual called "Killing the Mare". One of the group's hobby horses, is judged and then "killed" for its alleged sins.

    It is then " brought back to life " with alcohol and a dance ensues, involving the onlookers. This custom has survived despite being banned in the 18th and 19th centuries by the Catholic Church and in the 20th by the Socialist government.

    The Poulain has a realistically carved wooden head, with a snapping jaws and an extending neck that can reach up to first-floor windows; money or other offerings put into its mouth tumble down inside its neck.

    Below the frame it has a tricolor skirt. The Poulain carries two effigies on its back, one male, one female, called Estieinou and Estieinette or Estieineta.

    Although the first written reference to the Poulain is from , the creature is supposed to commemorate a visit to the town in by Louis VIII , during which the king's favourite mare fell ill.

    On his return he was astonished to find that not only was his mare now fully recovered, but she had also given birth to a fine colt, which was duly presented to him, adorned with ribbons.

    In return he decreed that the town should construct a wooden colt to be used to celebrate all its public festivities this legend was first recorded in The Poulain was burned in , during the French Revolution , because of its royal associations, but was revived in Since then it has appeared at Mardi Gras and other festive occasions.

    Its framework, once a weighty construction of chestnut , has been made of aluminium since He saw a peasant-woman having difficulty making the crossing on foot and gallantly offered her a seat on his horse.

    Their merry arrival in the town caused great amusement and so the two effigies were made to remember the event. There have also been similar creatures or imitations elsewhere, some of which still continue.

    Hobby horses of the tourney type, with a frame suspended around the dancer's waist, can also appear at various festivities in the Languedoc. An illustration of the chivalet dance, and its traditional tune, and an old photograph of an animal of this type, are on show in the folk museum at Agde.

    It is particularly associated with Florensac, where it is called le chevalet , and is considered the town's totem. The Donkey or Ass of Bessan is another of the Languedoc's "totem" animals.

    Much smaller than the Poulain, it is made from a frame covered in cloth and decorated with crepe paper flowers and painted motifs.

    Under its skirt it is carried by four men, led by another who dresses in white, with a tricolor sash, and cracks a whip. Sometimes the beast bucks its hindquarters into the air, supported only by the leader and the first dancer, who twirls around; the other three stand ready to catch the frame as it descends.

    The town's original cheval-bayard was burned in ; known as the Bayard baiard in Occitan , meaning a bay horse , its origins have been traced back to the 9th century.

    Lo Picart , at Saint-Jean-de-Fos , is a ferocious ram; it has existed since at least Montagnac has a goat. Sometimes the choice of animal is based on a play on words: Loupian has, unsurprisingly, a wolf Loup.

    One of the most recent, and possibly the most bizarre, "totems" is Le Porquet of Pinet , a caterpillar, created in the early s.

    Several "frisky horses", tourney hobby horses, accompany the traditional group Les Tambourinaires de Sant-Sumian , from Brignoles , a folklore revival group founded in Various creatures used to appear in the Odenwald around Christmas, [40] including straw bears [41] and bock figures variations of which can also be found in Sweden and other parts of Scandiniavia around Midwinter and Christmas time perhaps having links to the Germanic God Thor and perhaps even older fertility rights.

    The bock the name can be translated as "goat", "buck", "ram" or "stag" was made in a similar way to a mast horse, but using a long, two- or three-pronged hayfork that formed from its horns, covered in a white sheet, partly stuffed to form a head with a face painted onto it; these were sometimes held up outside windows to frighten the householder.

    Sometimes two people stood under the sheet to form a longer-bodied creature. The schimmelreiter was a more elaborate construction, made from two or more large sieves or riddles fastened in an upright position in front of and behind the "rider" at chest level.

    The front sieve had a stuffed fabric head and neck attached. The whole was covered with a sheet with a small hole in the centre to allow just the rider's head to show.

    Laare Vane , above of the tourney type, and this has survived into the present century, at Dunquin in County Kerry for example.

    The colourful costume of the Lajkonik represents a bearded Tatar warrior, who carries a golden mace and is mounted on a white horse. To be touched by the mace is said to bring good luck.

    The custom is said to have been carried on for years, and various stories are told to explain its origins. The Basque country on the borders of France and Spain has a strong dance tradition.

    Several dances are linked to seasonal festivals. There are many festivals in the Catalonia region of north-east Spain which involve processions with giants and outsize animals; some also involve hobby horses of the "tourney" type, but with a more-or-less realistic head and body, nowadays often constructed from fibreglass.

    Larger figures of mules are also found in several places, carried by two performers whose legs are visible beneath a skirt hanging from the animal's hollow body.

    In addition, dragons of various sorts are also popular, as are bulls, eagles and lions; many have fireworks attached to them, or set off around them.

    Among them is a larger-than-life Mulassa mule carried by two dancers who are hidden under its skirts, apart from their legs. Several of these have fireworks attached to their extremities, or are showered with sparks by their attendants, and are a spectacular sight.

    Kuda Kepang woven bamboo horses, also known as Kuda Lumping or Jaran Kepang originate in the state of Johor and performances are often given at weddings by Malayan men of Javanese origin in Singapore and elsewhere.

    Led by a Danyang , a typical troupe today comprises 9 horsemen, 2 medicine men, 5 gamelan musicians and 9—15 'guardians'. Modern performances re-enact the stories of the nine Muslim evangelists who waged battles to bring Islam to Java, but nowadays they are often kept brief and intended simply for entertainment; they may even be performed by women.

    Details of the fuller, more elaborate performances, however, include states of shamanistic trance -like possession, and the custom may have originally been a form of totemic worship.

    Photographs from the early 20th century, in the collection of Amsterdam's Tropenmuseum Museum of the Tropics , show another ritual dance, the Reog Ponogoro , involving a huge tiger mask and costume Singa Barong , accompanied by Jatil riding woven bamboo hobby horses who perform the Jaran Kepang dance.

    A Quiz Do you know what languages these words come from? Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

    Build a chain of words by adding one letter at a Login or Register. Save Word. Definition of hobbyhorse. Synonyms Did You Know?

    Example Sentences Learn More about hobbyhorse. Keep scrolling for more. Synonyms for hobbyhorse Synonyms avocation , hobby , pursuit , recreation Visit the Thesaurus for More.

    Did You Know? Examples of hobbyhorse in a Sentence Once he gets on his hobbyhorse and starts talking about taxes, you can't get him to discuss anything else.

    First Known Use of hobbyhorse circa , in the meaning defined at sense 1a. History and Etymology for hobbyhorse hobby small light horse, from Middle English hoby, hobyn , perhaps from Hobbin , nickname for Robert or Robin.

    Learn More about hobbyhorse. Time Traveler for hobbyhorse The first known use of hobbyhorse was circa See more words from the same year.

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    Dictionary Entries near hobbyhorse hobbly Hobbs hobby hobbyhorse hobby lantern hob ferret hobgoblin See More Nearby Entries.

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